Ricardo Tanturi (Buenos Aires, 27th of January 1905, 24th of January 1973) has been one of the most popular Orchestra Director of the Argentine Tango golden age, during the 40s. He was born in the Barracas neighbourhood, and started his music career as a violinist, until he decided to learn piano from his brother, Antonio, who played and was the co-director of his own orchestra. In 1924 he started playing in clubs and festival and for Radio Nacional: afterward he formed his own Jazz band during his university years and later his first Tango Orchestra, Los Indios, in 1931.
The orchestra made its debut in 1934 in the Hotel Alvear Palace, and afterward started playing regularly in the Hotel Carrasco in Montevideo. His first recordings were the tangos Tierrita and A la luz del candil in 1937. It was during these recordings that he met Osvaldo Valle, who later signed him to play for Radio el Mundo.
The Tanturi we all know, with Alberto Castillo
The great success of Tanturi coincided with the signing of Alberto Castillo as singer. Castillo was a very eccentric singer, who reminded people of the old time of the Tango arrabalero, and brought on stage a less serious and conventional image of the singer, compared to other artists of the time. His voice had quite a high spread of tune, allowing him to interpret different tangos, from romantic, to dramatic, to even humoristic ones.
Tanturi with Castillo was a constant presence in the Tango scenes during the years between 1939 and 1943: they played in many different venues, both in the suburban clubs and in the central cafés of Buenos Aires, Montevideo, Mar del Plata and Rosario.
Castillo left the Orchestra in 1943, to start his career as a solo singer.
Best tangos Tanturi with Castillo:
Argañaraz (Aquellas farras), instrumental
La vida es corta
Noches de Colon
Al compas de un Tango
Decile que vuelva
La copa del Olvido
El Tango es el Tango
Como se pianta la vida
Asi se baila el Tango
Que me quiten lo bailao
Bailongo de los domingos
La ultima copa
Compas and melody, Tanturi with Enrique Campos.
To replace Castillo, Tanturi chose a complete different singer. Eduardo Ruiz, born in Uruguay, decided to change his name before joining the Tanturi orchestra, as in the Tango scene there were already Ricardo and Floreal Ruiz. Looking at the yellow page, he chose Enrique Campos as his artistic name.
Tanturi adapted the sound of his orchestra to the new singer: Campos had a very refined tune of voice, but he was more adapt to romantic and melancholic tangos.
Tanturi and Campos recorded together 50 tunes, and played in different clubs and bars until 1947, when Enrique Campos joined Francisco Rotundo orchestra.
Most popular Tango of Tanturi with Campos:
Por eso canto yo
Así se canta
Dos palabras por favor
Oigo tu voz
Que vas buscando muñeca
Sollozo de bandoneon
En el salon
Cantor de Barrio
Tanturi after Campos and Castillo
After 1947, several singers joined the Tanturi Orchestra, Juan Carlos Godoy, Elsa Rivas, Osvaldo Ribó y Roberto Videla. Many tangos were recorded and Tanturi’s orchestra was still one of the most popular, although most milongueros would agree that the best Tanturi is the one with either Castillo or Campos. After 1950 Tanturi recorded few more Tangos, together with singers Osvaldo Ribo, Roberto Videla and Horacio Roca, changing his style according to the trend of that era, when milongas were less and less and Tango was mostly played on the radio.
Tanturi’s Valses and Milongas:
Tanturi’s valses and milongas recordings are not many, but are often played in milongas today. The differences between Castillo and Campos are evident also in valses and milongas, and nowadays we tend to hear more Castillo’s valses and milongas, as the style of the orchestra with him was more rhythmic.
Most popular Tanturi’s Valses:
La serenata (Mi amor)
Most popular Tanturi’s Milongas:
Así es la milonga